Dr. Leonardo Pantoni, MD, PhD, studied medicine at the University of Florence and graduated in 1989. He was trained in neurology at the School of Neurology of the same University under the guide of Domenico Inzitari and became certified neurologist in 1993. From August 1993 to July 1995 he held a research fellowship in neuropathology at the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan, under the tutelage of Julio H. Garcia. In 1999 he received his PhD degree in Neuroscience. He is currently staff neurologist at the Department of Neurological and Psychiatric Sciences of the University of Florence where he is also professor at the School of Neurology.

During all these years, dr. Pantoni has been interested in clinical neurology, mainly in the field of cerebrovascular diseases, and has focused his research work on vascular dementia and cerebral white matter changes of which he has explored definitions, radiological and pathological correlates, and therapeutic approaches. He has also a specific interest in experimental brain ischemia as it relates to the study of white matter lesions and cognitive changes and in CADASIL, a hereditary small vessel disease of the brain. From 2001 to 2011, he has been the coordinator of the European multicenter study LADIS (Leukoaraiosis and Disability in the Elderly, principal investigator Domenico Inzitari).

Dr. Pantoni is first co-editor of the book The Matter of White Matter. Clinical and pathophysiological aspects of white matter disease related to cognitive decline and vascular dementia, the first ever-published textbook entirely dedicated to the issue of age-related white matter changes. From 1996 to 2003 he has acted as scientific secretary of the European Task Force on Age-Related White Matter Changes, a multi-national association of the most prominent European experts on the topic. In July 2003, he was elected member of the Board of Directors of the International Psychogeriatric Association and in 2007 he has been re-elected for a second term (2007-2011). He is also the chairman of the publication committee of this association. Dr. Pantoni has been one the two chairmen of the 2005 congress of the International Society for Vascular Behavioural and Cognitive Disorders (VAS-COG) of which he is among the founding members, and, since 2009, member of the Executive Committee. In 2010, he became fellow of the European Stroke Organization.

Over the last years, Dr. Pantoni has served as reviewer for many international journals among which: The Lancet, JAMA, Annals of Neurology, Brain, Lancet Neurology, Stroke, Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Neurology, Hypertension, Neurobiology of Aging, Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, and Journal of Neurology. He is member of the Editorial Board of Cerebrovascular Diseases, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica and International Journal of Alzheimer Disease and permanent member of the scientific committee of the European Stroke Conference. In 2010, he has been nominated Section Editor (Vascular Cognitive Impairment) of the journal Stroke.